Unlocking the Power of Trino: Advanced Features that Set it Apart from Other SQL Query Engines

In the world of data analytics and SQL query engines, Trino (formerly known as PrestoSQL) has emerged as a formidable player. Its ability to handle distributed data processing and querying has gained it recognition among tech giants like Facebook and Netflix. However, what truly sets Trino apart are its advanced features that enable users to perform complex data tasks with ease and efficiency. In this article, we will delve into some of these advanced features and showcase real-world examples to highlight their practical applications. Trino’s advanced features make it a standout SQL query engine in the data analytics landscape. Its ability to handle distributed query processing, extensive connector ecosystem, dynamic partition pruning, cost-based optimization, and ANSI SQL compliance set it apart from other competitors.

Distributed Query Processing

Trino is built from the ground up for distributed query processing, which means it can efficiently analyze vast datasets distributed across multiple sources. This is particularly beneficial in scenarios where data resides in various locations, such as different cloud providers or on-premises data centers.

Example: Let’s say you have a massive e-commerce dataset stored in both AWS S3 and Azure Blob Storage. Trino allows you to run a single query that seamlessly combines data from both sources, eliminating the need to transfer data between clouds.


SELECT * FROM aws_s3.sales_data
SELECT * FROM azure_blob.sales_data;

Extensive Connector Ecosystem

Trino boasts an extensive list of connectors that enable it to interact with a wide range of data sources, including popular databases, file formats, and storage systems. This versatility makes it an ideal choice for organizations dealing with heterogeneous data environments.

Example: Imagine you need to analyze data stored in a Hive data warehouse, a MySQL database, and Parquet files in Hadoop Distributed File System (HDFS). Trino’s connectors simplify data access and integration.


SELECT * FROM hive_db.customer_data
SELECT * FROM mysql_db.customer_data
SELECT * FROM hdfs.parquet_customer_data;

Dynamic Partition Pruning

Trino offers dynamic partition pruning, a feature that enhances query performance by intelligently pruning irrelevant data partitions. This is particularly useful when dealing with partitioned tables in systems like Hive.

Example: Suppose you have a Hive table partitioned by date, and you want to retrieve data for a specific date range. Trino’s dynamic partition pruning will only scan the relevant partitions, significantly improving query performance.


SELECT * FROM hive_db.sales_data
WHERE sale_date BETWEEN '2023-01-01' AND '2023-01-31';

Cost-Based Query Optimization

Trino utilizes cost-based query optimization to choose the most efficient query execution plan. It considers various factors such as data statistics and available resources to minimize query execution time.

Example: Let’s say you have a complex join query involving multiple tables. Trino’s cost-based optimization will determine the optimal join order and join methods to deliver faster results.


SELECT * FROM orders o
JOIN customers c ON o.customer_id = c.customer_id
WHERE o.order_date >= '2023-01-01';

ANSI SQL Compliance

Trino adheres to ANSI SQL standards, making it compatible with SQL queries written for other database systems. This allows users to easily migrate existing queries to Trino without major modifications.

Example: If you have SQL queries designed for PostgreSQL or MySQL, you can seamlessly run them in Trino with little to no modification.


-- Original PostgreSQL query
SELECT first_name, last_name FROM employees WHERE department = 'Sales';

-- Same query in Trino
SELECT first_name, last_name FROM employees WHERE department = 'Sales';
Author: user