Bridal Snake : Dryocalamus nympha

Snakes of World

The Bridal Snake, Dryocalamus nympha, is a small, slender species of snake belonging to the family Colubridae. Adults can reach lengths of up to 45 centimeters (about 18 inches), with females typically larger than males. Their bodies are cylindrical and elongated, with a pointed head and slender tail.


Dryocalamus nympha is characterized by smooth scales that are shiny and iridescent. They have 17 rows of dorsal scales at mid-body, and their ventral scales are smooth and undivided. The snake has a single anal scale and its subcaudal scales are also undivided.
The Bridal Snake, Dryocalamus nympha, has the following scalation:
Dorsal scales: 17 rows at mid-body, smooth
Ventral scales: Smooth and undivided
Anal scale: Single
Subcaudal scales: Undivided
The scales of Dryocalamus nympha are smooth and shiny, which gives them a unique appearance.


The Bridal Snake is predominantly black in color, with a white or cream-colored band around their neck, resembling a bridal veil. Their ventral surface is usually cream or yellowish in color. The eyes of the snake are large and have round pupils, and their tongue is red or pink and forked.

Natural History:

Dryocalamus nympha is primarily diurnal and feeds on small insects, spiders, and other invertebrates. They are known to be active climbers and are commonly found in trees and shrubs. These snakes are generally timid and non-aggressive, and will usually retreat when threatened.


The Bridal Snake is found in a variety of habitats including forests, bamboo groves, and grasslands. They are commonly found in tropical and subtropical regions of Asia, including India, Nepal, Bhutan, and Bangladesh.


Dryocalamus nympha is a solitary species and usually found alone. They are non-venomous and are not considered a threat to humans. If threatened, they will usually hide or retreat rather than attack.


Not much is known about the reproductive habits of Dryocalamus nympha. Females lay clutches of 2-3 eggs which hatch after an incubation period of about 2-3 months.


The Bridal Snake is found primarily in South Asia, including India, Nepal, Bhutan, and Bangladesh.

Venomous or Non-venomous:

Dryocalamus nympha is a non-venomous species of snake and does not pose a significant threat to humans. They are generally considered harmless, although bites may cause minor pain and swelling.

In conclusion, the Bridal Snake, Dryocalamus nympha, is a small, non-venomous species of snake found in South Asia. They are primarily diurnal, arboreal, and feed on small insects and invertebrates. They are generally non-aggressive and not considered a threat to humans.

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