Python Decorators – Boosting Code Elegance

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Python decorators are a powerful and elegant feature that allows developers to modify or extend the behavior of functions or methods. They serve as a concise way to wrap or decorate functions, enhancing code readability and maintainability. In this article, we’ll delve into the world of Python decorators, unraveling their core concepts and showcasing real-world examples to illustrate their utility.

Understanding the Essence of Decorators

At its core, a decorator is a function that takes another function as input and returns a new function with modified or extended behavior. This concept is rooted in Python’s support for higher-order functions, treating functions as first-class citizens.

Basic Syntax of Decorators

The basic structure of a decorator involves defining a function and using the @decorator_name syntax above the function to be decorated. Here’s a simple example:

def my_decorator(func):
    def wrapper():
        print("Something is happening before the function is called.")
        print("Something is happening after the function is called.")
    return wrapper

def say_hello():

# Calling the decorated function

Practical Example: Timing Decorator

Let’s explore a real-world example of a decorator that measures the execution time of a function:

import time
def timing_decorator(func):
    def wrapper(*args, **kwargs):
        start_time = time.time()
        result = func(*args, **kwargs)
        end_time = time.time()
        print(f"{func.__name__} took {end_time - start_time} seconds to execute.")
        return result
    return wrapper

def time_consuming_operation():
    # Simulating a time-consuming operation
    print("Operation completed.")
# Calling the decorated function

Chaining Decorators

Python allows you to chain multiple decorators, applying them in a stacked fashion. This enables modular and reusable code patterns.

Decorators with Arguments

Advanced decorators can accept arguments, providing a dynamic way to customize their behavior based on specific requirements.

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Author: Freshers