Automating File Organization in Python

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Python’s versatility extends beyond traditional programming tasks to everyday automation. In this guide, we’ll delve into the art of automating routine file organization using Python. Follow along to create a customizable script that effortlessly sorts and arranges files, saving you time and enhancing your workflow.

Understanding the File Organization Task

Consider a scenario where you regularly download files into a cluttered directory, and you want to automate the process of organizing them into subdirectories based on file types.

Writing the Python Script

Let’s create a Python script using the os and shutil modules to scan the directory, identify file types, and organize them into respective subdirectories.

import os
import shutil
def organize_files(directory):
    for filename in os.listdir(directory):
        if os.path.isfile(os.path.join(directory, filename)):
            file_extension = filename.split('.')[-1].lower()
            destination_folder = os.path.join(directory, file_extension)
            if not os.path.exists(destination_folder):
            source_path = os.path.join(directory, filename)
            destination_path = os.path.join(destination_folder, filename)
            shutil.move(source_path, destination_path)
            print(f"Moved {filename} to {file_extension} folder.")
# Example usage
directory_to_organize = "/freshers/in/files/directory"

Customizing the Script

Modify the script to suit your specific file organization needs. You can add more conditions, handle different file types, or even categorize files based on their creation dates.

Running the Script

Save the script to a file, for example,, and run it using:


Watch as the script efficiently organizes files into subdirectories, decluttering your workspace in seconds.

Enhancing Automation with Cron (Optional)

For regular file organization, you can set up a scheduled task using cron on Unix-like systems or Task Scheduler on Windows.

# Example cron job to run the script every day at 2 AM
0 2 * * * /freshers/in/python /freshers_in/data/

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Author: Freshers